Wednesday, June 12, 2024

How chemical proteomics unlock therapeutic potential

BiochemistryHow chemical proteomics unlock therapeutic potential


Comprehending the significance of protein kinases in diseases such as cancer is pivotal for advancing drug development. Scientists at Okayama University uncover a groundbreaking inhibitor aimed at Adaptor Protein 2-Associated Protein Kinase 1 (AAK1). Credit: Hiroshi Tokumitsu, Okayama University

Enhancing drug development for life-threatening diseases like cancer hinges on a deep understanding of protein kinases, making it a focal point for researchers. These enzymes, encoded by more than 500 human genes, serve as critical players in cellular signaling pathways.

However, if these signals are dysregulated, they can disrupt the normal cellular mechanisms, leading to diseases such as cancer. Protein kinase inhibitors have therefore provided a promising avenue in therapeutic intervention to disrupt the aberrant signaling mechanisms underlying such diseases.

Due to the similarity and complexity of kinase structures, the development of effective kinase inhibitors has so far presented a formidable challenge for researchers. Finding specific inhibitors among various potential targets has been a hurdle, until now.

A team led by Professor Hiroshi Tokumitsu from the Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in Health Systems at Okayama University, along with a graduate student Ms. Akari Yoshida and Dr. Satomi Ohtsuka from Okayama University with Professor Ulf J. Nilsson from Lund University and Professor Teruhiko Ishikawa from the Graduate School of Education at Okayama University, published a study in Scientific Reports on 20 March 2024. The study sheds light on a novel inhibitor targeting Adaptor Protein 2-Associated Protein Kinase 1 (AAK1).

Talking about the inspiration, Prof. Tokumitsu states, “Through years of dedicated research into intracellular signaling mechanisms, we’ve crafted protein kinase inhibitors as potent analytical instruments for fundamental life sciences.” And now it was time to see their achievements in action.”

Their study introduced an innovative method utilizing Kinobeads technology. This cutting-edge approach enabled the team to explore the interactions between TIM-063, originally formulated as a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaMKK) inhibitor, and numerous protein kinases, with a particular focus on AAK1. Through immobilization onto sepharose beads, TIM-063-sepharose complexes were created to capture target kinases from cellular extracts selectively.

After extensive washing to remove nonspecific proteins, bound kinases were eluted and identified through mass spectrometry. This meticulous approach shed light on TIM-063’s binding to AAK1’s catalytic domain, offering insights into its inhibitory mechanism. By elucidating the binding of TIM-063 to AAK1’s catalytic domain, the researchers established a foundation for targeted inhibition.

“Our research highlights the potential of repurposing existing kinase inhibitors as lead compounds for novel therapeutic targets,” states Prof. Tokumitsu.

“By leveraging kinase inhibitor development methods, starting with identifying enzymes that interact with existing inhibitors, promises a rapid drug discovery cycle with protein kinases as the molecular target.”

The study’s focus on AAK1, associated with various neurological disorders and viral infections, highlights the promise of targeted inhibitors. These findings open doors for innovative drug development, particularly in addressing unmet medical needs in conditions such as schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, and viral infections.

“In the era of costly and time-consuming drug discovery, our research stands to significantly contribute by facilitating the development of rapid and cost-effective enzyme inhibitors with clinical applications,” states Prof. Tokumitsu.

This breakthrough has the potential to revolutionize drug discovery, offering a more streamlined approach to developing enzyme inhibitors with real clinical applications. With this advancement, researchers aim to address critical health care challenges and improve patient well-being.

More information:
Akari Yoshida et al, Development of a novel AAK1 inhibitor via Kinobeads-based screening, Scientific Reports (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-57051-9

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Okayama University

Citation:
Unveiling a novel AAK1 inhibitor: How chemical proteomics unlock therapeutic potential (2024, May 24)
retrieved 25 May 2024
from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-unveiling-aak1-inhibitor-chemical-proteomics.html

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